Measles

Measles.

A viral illness which is very infectious, measles can lead to serious complications. Measles is spread by coughs and sneezes.

10 days after becoming infected the symptoms of measles may appear these include-

  • A temperature which can rise to 40C, cold like symptoms such as aches and pains and tiredness, red eyes and sensitivity to lights. Grey or white spots can appear in the mouth and throat.
  • A red brown spotty rash will appear and can spread across the whole body, the rash can last for a few days.
  • Other common symptoms of Measles can include ear and eye infections, diarrhoea and vomiting, if the temperature becomes too high in a child under 5, a febrile convulsion may occur.

You should make an appointment with the GP to confirm a measles diagnosis, explain when making the appointment it may be measles, remember this is very infectious.

More serious symptoms of measles include-

  • Shortness of breath, chest pain, drowsiness. Signs of confusion and coughing up blood.
  • Uncommon side effects can include liver infection, encephalitis (brain infection), squint or meningitis.
  • If you or the casualty develops any of the above symptoms you must go straight to A and E or ring 999.

Treatment:

  • Rest, plenty of fluids, take paracetamol or ibuprofen to relief pain and to control temperature.
  • If the eyes become sticky, clean the eyes using cotton wool soaked in water.

Its best to limit the spread of Measles so avoid school or work, stay away from pregnant women and very young children. Prevention includes the MMR vaccine and limiting the spread of infection.