Haemorrhage (bleeding)

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When someone is bleeding heavily, the main propriety of first aid is to stop the bleeding and reduce the effects of shock. Some injuries can bleed profusely, where a varicose vein is damaged, the blood pours from the injury very quickly. Where an artery has been cut, blood can spurt from the injury in time with the heart beating.

First, dial 999 and ask for an ambulance.

If you have disposable gloves, use them to reduce the risk of any infection being passed on. Remember the casualty may be able to apply pressure to an injury themselves.

Check that there is nothing embedded in the wound. If there is, don’t press directly onto the injury with your dressing, instead press around the sides of the object and build up padding around the object before applying a bandage.

If there is nothing in the injury, apply and maintain pressure directly onto the wound with your hand, using a sterile pad if possible.
• Use a clean dressing to bandage the wound firmly.
• Raise the limb to decrease the flow of blood.
• Ensure your bandage is not too tight, loosen it by unwinding it a couple of turns if the area begins to tingle or go cold
• If bleeding continues through the bandage, apply another pad over the top and bandage it in place. Do not remove the original pad or bandage.

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